The positive effects of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) for child anxiety have been well documented. The way we think about a current or future event or situation can change the way we feel and influence what we do. Mom returning late from a trip to the supermarket can generate negative, fearful thoughts (she’s probably had a car accident, possibly brought to a hospital), resulting in extreme anxiety or panic. Re-structuring the thought to be less rigid and more balanced (it’s a busy time of the day, she is probably stuck in a long line, possibly caught in traffic) might reduce the symptoms considerably. CBT, together with the use of gradual, graded exposure to perceived dangers, are the principal components of effective treatment.